Working Life in Australia

Published: 26th September 2011
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Life and working conditions in Australia in the 19th century were Severe,acrid,bleak,troubling,hazardous and unsanitary as compared with today's standards. Australia, however, had a reputation throughout the 19th century as the ‘working man's paradise.'It was seen by many people as a place that offered employment and the means to a comfortable life for all. This reputation was based on the adoption of the eight-hour day and other benefits which were not supplied in Europe.The life and working conditions of manual labour workers was very bad and tough. Their working conditions were counterly supported by uncomfortable,difficult and dangerous conditions, low pay and long hours. They areas which required physical labour such as the construction,building, trade, or the mechanical,electrical and maintenance industry. Manual labourers belong to the working class. The middle class are typically white-collar or professional workers who take very limited amount physical work and receive a higher salary.

Most manual labourers in the cities worked under contractors or in factories. The factories were quite often poorly constructed ventilated, without basic amenities, overcrowded and often reached over 40+ degrees Celsius in summer, while being cold and damp in winter.There were no proper management everything was ruined. At the turn of the century, factories were very dangerous places. It was uncommon for injuries to result from faulty machinery and a lack of safety equipment or protective clothing, which are mandatory at factory sites today.

Factory workers also had to work long hours. Rather than today's average working week was of 60 hours, most people worked ten-hour days for six days of the week. Some even had to work overtime without giving any extra pay or benifits .

Despite these adverse conditions, workers were too scared to complain about their managers.They feel fear of being dismissed from their job. It was also a common belief at the time that it was the responsibility of the men to provide for their families. In addition to this, having experienced the Depression of the 1890s, many of these workers knew that life could be even more difficult if they were unemployed. Unlike today where the unemployed are able to access dole money from the government, there was no similar scheme available at that time. There was no compensation for workers who were injured at work, no sick leave,no holidays except Sundays or superannuation for retirement.

Manual labourers in rural Australian did not fare much. A vast number of manual labourers in the rural sector were sheep shearers. Although wool had been a major component of Australia's export industry since the 1870s, the shearers went undervalued. They usually had to shear 100 sheep just to earn £1 ($2) and if their work was not to the satisfaction of their employer, then he might withhold their wages. The shearers also had to endure unsanitary and vermin-infested conditions in the shearing sheds and at the accommodation which was provided for them.

But now the employment in Australia is totally Changed.Now a days there is no difference in the status of working men and women.Equal work for equal work policy is followed.There are more jobs as compared to the working people working presently.There are many different kinds of job available in Australia now a days.The wages in Australia is also very handsome.In all working in Australia is peaceful an people can earn a lot there...



Read About employment in Australia and training in Australia.


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